As explained by

Flutter on macOS Monterey M1 2020 - as of 2022-01

  • brew install openjdk@11 (higher 11 will cause gradle to fail)

  • export JAVA_HOME="/usr/local/homebrew/opt/openjdk@8"

  • install Android Studio preview

    • ⚠️ The Android emulator will behave slowish and buggy. You should disable Preferences/Tools/EmulatorLaunch in tool window

  • install Flutter

Setting up a project

  • flutter create app_name

  • cd flutter_testapp

  • flutter devices

  • flutter run

You can enable web and desktop Apps

  • Web

  • flutter config --enable-web

  • flutter run -d chrome

  • MacOS

  • flutter config --enable-macos-desktop

  • flutter run -d macos

You can customize the setup

  • flutter create --project-name myapp --org dev.flutter --android-language java --ios-language objc myapp

    • Valid languages android:java/kotlin and ios:swift/objc.


Flutter for iOS devs

Stateless/Stateful Widgets

StatelessWidgets are useful when the part of the user interface you are describing does not depend on anything other than the initial configuration information in the widget. For example, in iOS, this is similar to placing a UIImageView with your logo as the image. If the logo is not changing during runtime, use a StatelessWidget in Flutter. If you want to dynamically change the UI based on data received after making an HTTP call, use a StatefulWidget. […] ❗️ The important difference between stateless and stateful widgets is that StatefulWidgets have a State object that stores state data and carries it over across tree rebuilds, so it’s not lost. – Flutter for iOS developers

Example on using a stateless Text-Widget in a stateful manner.

class SampleApp extends StatelessWidget {
  // This widget is the root of your application.
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return MaterialApp(
      title: 'Sample App',
      theme: ThemeData(
        primarySwatch: Colors.blue,
      home: SampleAppPage(),

class SampleAppPage extends StatefulWidget {
  SampleAppPage({Key key}) : super(key: key);

  _SampleAppPageState createState() => _SampleAppPageState();

class _SampleAppPageState extends State<SampleAppPage> {
  // Default placeholder text
  String textToShow = "I Like Flutter";
  void _updateText() {
    setState(() {
      // update the text
      textToShow = "Flutter is Awesome!";

  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text("Sample App"),
      body: Center(child: Text(textToShow)),
      floatingActionButton: FloatingActionButton(
        onPressed: _updateText,
        tooltip: 'Update Text',
        child: Icon(Icons.update),


  • padding: EdgeInsets.*

Widget build(BuildContext context) {
  return Scaffold(
    appBar: AppBar(
      title: Text("Sample App"),
    body: Center(
      child: CupertinoButton(
        onPressed: () {
          setState(() { _pressedCount += 1; });
        child: Text('Hello'),
        padding: EdgeInsets.only(left: 10.0, right: 10.0),

Layout widgets lists

  • Single-child layout widgets

    • Align - A widget that aligns its child within itself and optionally sizes itself based on the child’s size.

    • AspectRatio - A widget that attempts to size the child to a specific aspect ratio.

    • Baseline - A widget that positions its child according to the child’s baseline.

    • Center - A widget that centers its child within itself.

    • ConstrainedBox - A widget that imposes additional constraints on its child.

    • Container - A convenience widget that combines common painting, positioning, and sizing widgets.

    • CustomSingleChildLayout - A widget that defers the layout of its single child to a delegate.

    • Expanded - A widget that expands a child of a Row, Column, or Flex.

    • FittedBox - Scales and positions its child within itself according to fit.

    • FractionalSizedBox - A widget that sizes its child to a fraction of the total available space. For more details about the layout algorithm, see RenderFractionallySizedOverflowBox.

    • IntrinsicHeight - A widget that sizes its child to the child’s intrinsic height.

    • IntrinsicWidth - A widget that sizes its child to the child’s intrinsic width.

    • LimitedBox - A box that limits its size only when it’s unconstrained.

    • Offstage - A widget that lays the child out as if it was in the tree, but without painting anything, without making the child available for hit…

    • OverflowBox - A widget that imposes different constraints on its child than it gets from its parent, possibly allowing the child to overflow the parent.

    • Padding - A widget that insets its child by the given padding.

    • SizedBox - A box with a specified size. If given a child, this widget forces its child to have a specific width and/or height (assuming values are…

    • SizedOverflowBox - A widget that is a specific size but passes its original constraints through to its child, which will probably overflow.

    • Transform - A widget that applies a transformation before painting its child.

  • Multi-child layout widgets

    • Column - Layout a list of child widgets in the vertical direction.

    • CustomMultiChildLayout - A widget that uses a delegate to size and position multiple children.

    • Flow - A widget that implements the flow layout algorithm.

    • GridView - A grid list consists of a repeated pattern of cells arrayed in a vertical and horizontal layout. The GridView widget implements this component.

    • IndexedStack - A Stack that shows a single child from a list of children.

    • LayoutBuilder - Builds a widget tree that can depend on the parent widget’s size.

    • ListBody - A widget that arranges its children sequentially along a given axis, forcing them to the dimension of the parent in the other axis.

    • ListView - A scrollable, linear list of widgets. ListView is the most commonly used scrolling widget. It displays its children one after another in the scroll direction….

    • Row - Layout a list of child widgets in the horizontal direction.

    • Stack - This class is useful if you want to overlap several children in a simple way, for example having some text and an image, overlaid with…

    • Table - A widget that uses the table layout algorithm for its children.

    • Wrap - A widget that displays its children in multiple horizontal or vertical runs.

  • Sliver widgets

    • CupertinoSliverNavigationBar

    • CustomScrollView

    • SliverAppBar

    • SliverChildBuilderDelegate

    • SliverChildListDelegate

    • SliverFixedExtentList

    • SliverGrid

    • SliverList

    • SliverPadding

    • SliverPersistentHeader

    • SliverToBoxAdapter

Use a Container when you want to add padding, margins, borders, or background color, to name some of its capabilities. — Layouts in Flutter